Scientists discover robust evidence that chronic fatigue syndrome is a biological illness – Immune signatures in blood point to distinct disease stages, open door to better diagnosis and treatment – Researchers identified distinct immune changes in patients diagnosed with chronic fatigue syndrome, known medically as myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME/CFS) or systemic exertion intolerance disease.
An aggressive form of HIV uncovered in Cuba – One recombinant variant observed in patients in Cuba appears to be much more aggressive than other known forms of HIV. Patients progress to AIDS within three years of infection – so rapidly that they may not even realise they were infected.
Lower systolic blood pressure reduces risk of stroke – Older people with systolic blood pressure lower than 140 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) have a lower risk of stroke, revealed in a study study presented at the American Stroke Association’s International Stroke Conference 2015.
Cigarette smoking is even more deadly than you think — US Smoking deaths may be underestimated: Study – A new study suggests that current estimates significantly underestimate the number of Americans who die from cigarette smoking. The Surgeon General estimates that each year, smoking kills about 480,000 Americans.
Dementia ‘linked’ to common over-the-counter drugs — Hayfever drugs raise risk of Alzheimer’s disease, say scientists – Over-the counter hayfever tables, sleeping pills or asthma drugs significantly raise the risk of developing dementia, a study has shown.
Depression, behavior changes may start in Alzheimer’s even before memory changes – Depression and other behavior changes may show up in people who will later develop Alzheimer’s disease even before they start having memory problems, reported by researchers in the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
First Minister Nicola Sturgeon confirms first case of Ebola diagnosed in Glasgow – A healthcare worker who has just returned from West Africa has been diagnosed with Ebola and is now being treated in hospital in Glasgow.
Why some antidepressants may initially worsen symptoms – New research helps explain a paradoxical effect of certain antidepressants–that they may actually worsen symptoms before helping patients feel better. These findings may help investigators fix the problem as well as create new classes of drugs to treat depression.
Study identifies 53 approved drugs that may block Ebola infection — Compounds may keep virus from entering cells; may accelerate drug development – Researchers found 53 existing drugs that may keep the Ebola virus from entering human cells, a key step in the process of infection. Among the better known drug types shown to hinder infection by an Ebola virus model: several cancer drugs, antihistamines and antibiotics.
Ebola vaccine ‘promising’ after first human trial — Ebola vaccine from Glaxo passes early safety test – A 39-year-old woman has become the first volunteer to receive an experimental Ebola vaccine, which scientists have described as “promising”.