Adults with some form of mental illness have a smoking rate 70 percent higher than adults with no mental illness, according to a Vital Signs report. Combined data from SAMHSA?s 2009?2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) were used to calculate national and state estimates of cigarette smoking among adults aged 18 years and older who reported having any mental illness.
Cigarette smoking continues to be the leading cause of preventable death and disease in the United States and throughout the world. Cigarette smoking is responsible for an estimated 443,000 deaths in the United States each year.
36 percent of adults with a mental illness are cigarette smokers, compared with only 21 percent of adults who do not have a mental illness.
Nearly 1 in 5 adults in the United States ? about 45.7 million Americans?have some type of mental illness.
Among adults with mental illness, smoking prevalence is especially high among younger adults, American Indians and Alaska Natives, those living below the poverty line, and those with lower levels of education. Differences also exist across states, with prevalence ranging from 18.2 percent in Utah to 48.7 percent in West Virginia.
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, USA