Excess body weight may affect brain part that controls memory, emotions, and appetite

Excess weight linked to brain changes that may relate to memory, emotions, and appetite – Being overweight appears related to reduced levels of a molecule that reflects brain cell health in the hippocampus, a part of the brain involved in memory, learning, and emotions, and likely also involved in appetite control, revealed by researchers.

High salt in some medicines may increase heart attack and stroke risk

High salt levels in common medicines put patients at increased risk of cardiovascular events — Researchers call for salt content of medicines to be labeled in same way as foods – Taking the maximum daily dose of some medicines would exceed the recommended daily limits for sodium, without any additional dietary intake. Public should be warned about the potential dangers of high sodium intake from prescribed medicines, reveals new study.

Weight gain prevention intervention effective to prevent weight gain

Intervention appears effective to prevent weight gain among black women – An intervention not focused on weight loss was effective for weight gain prevention among socioeconomically disadvantaged black women. Promoting clinically meaningful weight loss among black women has been a challenge.

Offspring of obese mothers may be spared health problems

Offspring of obese mothers may be spared health problems

Obese mums may pass health risks on to grandchildren — Experts found the offspring of obese mothers may be spared health problems – Health problems linked to obesity, like heart disease and diabetes, could skip an entire generation. Researchers have found that the offspring of obese mothers may be spared health problems linked to obesity, while their own children then inherit them.

Caffeine during pregnancy linked to low birth weight babies

Coffee and tea during pregnancy affect fetal growth – Drinking just two cups of coffee a day is associated with the risk of low birth weight. Researchers at Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden, have conducted a study on 59,000 women in collaboration with the Norwegian Institute of Public Health.

20$ financial incentives get greater weight loss

Program that pays for weight loss seems to pay off — Rewards, penalties get better participation, greater weight loss than program without incentives – Modest financial incentives offered over an extended period of time were significantly more likely to encourage sustained participation in a weight-loss program and long-term maintenance of weight loss than an identical program that did not offer financial rewards.

Blocked heart arteries can cause stroke

Clogged heart arteries can foreshadow stroke — American Heart Association Rapid Access Journal Report – Blockages in your heart arteries could mean you’re more likely to have a stroke, even if you’re considered low risk. A new study raises the need for intensified interdisciplinary efforts for providing adequate disease prevention and management strategies for stroke.

Poor sleep may increase risk of heart disease

Poor sleep in adolescents may increase risk of heart disease – Adolescents who sleep poorly may be at risk of cardiovascular disease in later life. “We found an association between sleep disturbance and cardiovascular risk in adolescents, as determined by high cholesterol levels, increased BMI [body mass index] and hypertension,” writes lead author Dr. Indra Narang, respirologist and director of sleep medicine at The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids), Toronto, Ontario.

Physical activity interventions for children have little impact

Physical activity interventions for children have ‘little impact’ — Are interventions to promote physical activity in children a waste of time? – Physical activity interventions for children have small impact on overall activity levels and consequently the body fat and mass of children. Previous studies have shown that greater activity levels are associated with lower levels of BMI (body mass index) but that physical activity interventions have been unsuccessful in improving children’s BMI.