Heavy alcohol consumption creates a vicious cycle that affects cognitive functions like decision-making and impulse control, leading individuals to drink even more. Researchers believe that the brain’s immune system plays a significant role in this process.
Researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have made significant progress in treating leptomeningeal disease (LMD) caused by metastatic melanoma. LMD is a complication of cancer where cancer cells from primary tumors spread into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and leptomeninges, the outer lining of the brain and spinal cord.
A study published on April 3 in JAMA Pediatrics is thought to be the first to recognize naturally occurring lithium in drinking water as a potential environmental risk factor for autism. “Any contaminants in drinking water that could impact the developing human brain warrant serious investigation,” stated the lead author of the study, Beate Ritz, MD, PhD, a professor of neurology at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and a professor of epidemiology and environmental health at the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health.
The Mediterranean diet is a dietary pattern inspired by the traditional eating habits of the countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea, such as Greece, Italy, Spain, and parts of France, North Africa, and the Middle East. It emphasizes the consumption of fresh, whole, and minimally processed foods, with a focus on plant-based ingredients, healthy fats, lean proteins, and a variety of herbs and spices.
Acetylcholine has long been known to regulate blood flow, but the source of this chemical in human blood has remained a mystery. However, a new study by researchers at Karolinska Institutet has discovered that certain T cells in human blood can produce acetylcholine, which helps regulate blood pressure and inflammation.
In a busy medical setting such as an urgent care or emergency department, physicians may be tempted to prescribe antibiotics to patients who request them, even if they are unlikely to be helpful. However, a major study by researchers at Intermountain Health and Stanford University found that overprescribing and inappropriately prescribing antibiotics leads to antibiotic resistance and significant patient harm.
A study led by the University of Cambridge suggests that increasing the proportion of non-alcoholic drinks in online supermarkets could reduce alcohol purchases. Excessive alcohol consumption contributes to various diseases like cancer, heart disease, and stroke. Changing people’s behavior can therefore provide significant health benefits.
Over the years, senescent cells, which are aging cells that stop dividing but don’t die, can accumulate in the body. These cells can cause chronic inflammation, contributing to conditions like cancer and degenerative disorders. In mice, removing senescent cells from aging tissues has been shown to restore tissue balance and increase healthy lifespan.