ADHD linked to social and economic status

ADHD linked to social and economic disadvantage — Scientists have found evidence of a link between social and economic status and childhood attention deficit disorder in the UK – Scientists have found evidence of a link between social and economic status and childhood attention deficit disorder (ADHD) in the UK. A team led by the University of Exeter Medical School analysed data from the Millennium Cohort Study, a database of more than 19,500 UK children born between 2000 and 2002.

Mercury exposure in pregnant women connected to ADHD in children

Low-level mercury exposure in pregnant women connected to ADHD risk in children — Researchers advise women to consider both benefits and risks of eating fish while pregnant – ADHD or Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder affects approximately ten percent of children worldwide, yet its causes are not well understood. Now, a study led by Susan Korrick, MD, MPH, of Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH), and Sharon Sagiv, PhD, MPH, of Boston University School of Public Health, and published in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, links low-level prenatal mercury exposure with a greater risk of ADHD-related behaviors.

Gestational diabetes and poverty increased ADHD risk in offspring

Gestational diabetes and low socioeconomic status raise risk of ADHD in children – Low socioeconomic status (SES) and maternal gestational diabetes together may cause a 14-fold increased risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in six year olds, revealed by researchers.

10% of ADHD patients linked to GMR gene variants

New gene study of ADHD points to defects in brain signaling pathways — Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia research suggests that interventions at the glutamate transmission level might treat ADHD disorder – Pediatric researchers analyzing genetic influences in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have found alterations in specific genes involved in important brain signaling pathways.

Children with ADHD may have functional brain pathways disrupted

Functional brain pathways disrupted in children with ADHD – Some abnormalities in the brains of children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may serve as a biomarker for the disorder, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).

Age for diagnosis and treatment of ADHD in children expands 4 to 18

AAP expands ages for diagnosis and treatment of ADHD in children — New ADHD guidelines: Kids as young as 4 can be diagnosed – Now it possible to diagnose and manage ADHD in children from ages 4 to 18 (the previous AAP guidelines, from 2000 and 2001, covered children ages 6 to 12). The new guidelines describe the special considerations involved in diagnosing and treating preschool children and adolescents.

Brain development linked to symptoms of ADHD

Brain imaging study of preschoolers with ADHD detects brain differences linked to symptoms — Smaller brain volumes associated with severity of ADHD symptoms – Brain development appear to play an important role among children presenting with early onset symptoms of ADHD (Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder). Researchers found reduced caudate volumes in affected children compared to the children who did not present with ADHD symptoms.

Medicaid funded ADHD treatment for children is failing

UCLA researchers find that Medicaid-funded ADHD treatment for children is failing – Whatever its final incarnation, the recently enacted landmark Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act will expand Medicaid eligibility and is expected by 2013 to provide coverage, including mental health care, to an estimated 4.1 million children currently uninsured.

Cognitive behavior therapy improves ADHD symptoms in adults

Cognitive behavior therapy improves symptom control in adult ADHD — Skills-based treatment added to medication helps patients handle persistent symptoms – Adding cognitive behavioral therapy ? an approach that teaches skills for handling life challenges and revising negative thought patterns ? to pharmaceutical treatment for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) significantly improved symptom control in a study of adult patients.

Prenatal exposure to pesticides linked to attention problems

Prenatal exposure to pesticides linked to attention problems – Children who were exposed to organophosphate pesticides while still in their mother’s womb were more likely to develop attention disorders years later, according to a new study by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley.

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