A pill containing a mix of essential oils has been shown to significantly reduce the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS), revealed by researchers in BioMed Central’s journal Reproductive Health.
Researchers tested the tablets by carrying out a randomised, controlled trial in 20 women.
Edilberto Rocha Filho worked with a team of researchers from the Federal University of Pernambuco, Brazil, to conduct the tests. He said, “The administration of 1 or 2 grams of essential fatty acids to patients with PMS resulted in a significant decrease in symptom scores. Furthermore, the administration of the dietary supplement did not result in any changes in the total cholesterol in the patients evaluated”.
Women who were given capsules containing 2 grams of a combination of gamma linolenic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid, other polyunsaturated acids and vitamin E reported significantly eased PMS symptoms at both 3 and 6 months after they began the treatment. Few adverse events were recorded and these were mild, insignificant and did not appear to be directly related to the medication. Speaking about the results, Rocha Filho said, “The negative effect of PMS on a woman’s routine activities and quality of life may be significant, in addition to the repercussions on economic costs resulting predominantly from a reduction in productivity. Essential oil capsules can now be said to show much promise as a treatment”.
Apart from essential oils, maintaining a good diet, one low in sugars and fats and high in phytoestrogens and complex carbohydrates, may prevent some of the symptoms of PMS. Women should try to exercise three times a week and keep in generally good health. Because PMS is often associated with stress, avoidance of stress or developing better means to deal with stress can be important.
Also, consuming foods, such as soy products, that are good sources of phytoestrogens may provide relief of PMS symptoms. In general, eating a balanced diet is beneficial.
Source: BioMed Central, UK