Trinity researchers report major eye disease breakthrough — Controlling an inflammatory component IL-18 in age-related macular degeneration could prevent the development of the disease – Scientists at Trinity College Dublin have discovered that a part of the immune system called the inflammasome is involved in regulating the development of one of the most common forms of blindness, called Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD).
Reality in the eye of the beholder — A Photoshop reality check – You know they couldn’t possibly look that good. But what did those models and celebrities look like before all the retouching? How different is the image we see from the original? Dartmouth Computer Science Professor Hany Farid and Eric Kee, a PhD student at Dartmouth College, are proposing a method to not only answer such questions but also to quantify the changes.
Study compares 2 types of botulinum toxin for cosmetic use – Botulinum toxin, a protein long considered harmful, is now known as a neuromodulator (a chemical that affects nerve impulses) that has cosmetic and medical uses. Not all varieties of botulinum toxin seem to be equally effective in reducing crow’s feet wrinkles, according to a report published by Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approves Incivek for hepatitis C – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved Incivek (telaprevir) to treat certain adults with chronic hepatitis C infection. Incivek is used for patients who have either not received interferon-based drug therapy for their infection or who have not responded adequately to prior therapies.
Follow-Up Program Helps Detect Melanoma Earlier in High-Risk Patients – A follow-up program for patients at high risk of developing skin cancer appears to be associated with the detection of melanomas at early stages and with good prognosis.
Study Evaluates Prevalence of Age-Related Macular Degeneration in the United States – An estimated 6.5 percent of Americans age 40 and older have the eye disease age related macular degeneration, a lower rate than was reported 15 years ago, according to a report in the Archives of Ophthalmology.
Primary care doctors get little information about chronic sinusitis — Georgetown researcher says advances go unnoticed because they are not reported in targeted publications – Facial pain. Nasal congestion. Postnasal drip. Fatigue. These are hallmark signs of chronic sinusitis, a swelling of tissue in the nasal and sinus cavity. The illness strikes millions of Americans each year and is one of the top five reasons patients visit their primary care doctor.
FDA: Rare Cases of Liver Injury Reported with Use of Xenical, Alli – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration advised consumers and health care professionals about potential rare occurrences of severe liver injury in patients taking the weight-loss medication orlistat, marketed as Xenical and Alli.
Study finds Alzheimer’s disease link in eyes of children with Down syndrome — Findings may lead to eye tests for brain disease in Alzheimer’s and Down syndrome – Researchers are going to develop an innovative eye test for early detection of Alzheimer’s disease and Down syndrome. As they discovered the protein that forms plaques in the brain in Alzheimer’s disease also accumulates in the eyes of people with Down syndrome.
Tobacco company’s new, dissolvable nicotine products could lead to accidental poisoning — Candy-like appearance and flavorings may increase appeal to infants and youth – A tobacco company’s new, dissolvable nicotine pellet–which is being sold as a tobacco product, but which in some cases resembles popular candies–could lead to accidental nicotine poisoning in children, according to a new study from the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH), the Northern Ohio Poison Control Center, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).